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Full text of "A continuation of the narrative of the state, &c. of the Indian charity-school, at Lebanon, in Connecticut : from Nov. 27th 1762, to Sept. 3d, 1765"

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MmwrBttg of f tttaburgli 

Darlington Memorial Library 
(UlaBB £37 







Of the State, &c. of the 

Indian Charity-School, 

At Lebanon, in Connedlicut; 

From Nov, 27th, 1762, to Sept, 3d, 1765, 

By Eleazar Wheelock, A. M^^T 

Paftor of a Church in Lebanon. 

I -! 

i \ t 


Printed by Richard and Samuel Draper, mKew- 
hury-ftreet^ lyS^, 










[ 3 ] 

nt^^ ns^i:^ n^^m n^ii^ n^^^^ ' 

i^l %^h ^^f ^^ m\h 

u^iii u^^v. ^^^u u^^u ^^^ ' 

Continuation of the Narra= 

TiVE, &c. of the Indian Charity ^ 
School in Lebanon* 

NARRATIVE of this School was 
publilTied in the Year 17^3. In 
which may be feen the original 
Defign, Rife, and Progrefs of it 
from its Beginning to Nov. 27th, 
1762; together with the Grounds and Reaibns 
for profecuting the Plan which has hitherto 
been pnrfued ; and which, by the Smiles of 
Heaven, has been remarkably fucceeded. The 
following Pages are defigned to exhibit to the 
Reader, the State of faid School from the a- 
.bove Date to September 3d, 1765 ; by which 
may appear to the impartial and candid Rea- 
der, the fmgular Sn:iiles of Divine Providence, 
by which it has been hitherto fupported, and 
the encouraging Profpedls of it's future and 
extenfive Ufefulnefs. 

A 2 Augujl 

[ 4 ] 

Aiigufl ifl, 1762, Mr. James LeJIey began 
to teach this School. And by the generous 
Donation of his painful Labours for almotl 9 
Months ; and of the Reverend Mr." Charles 
Jeffry Smith for about 3 Months ; and about 
6 Weeks of another young Gentleman, (who 
chufes to be namelefs ;) it was kept in the bed 
Manner from the above mentioned Date 'til 
September 17th; 1763, free from any other 
Coft for Tuition, than the Mailers Board, and 
a few Months Horfc-keeping. And the whole 
of my Difburfements from November 27th, 
1762, to November 27th, 1763, (including 
part of Mr. Kirtland's Support at College ; and 
the fitting out and Support of Samuel yljhpo in 
his Ihort Miffion of about fix Weeks to Jenin- 
go, from whence he was obliged to retreat, 
on account of the Rupture of the Nations 
round about, with the Eng/ifi, after preaching 
to them 10 Days) I fay, the whole Amount, 
charged at the Rates I mentioned in my for- 
mer Narrative, is, in flerling Money, 

£. s. d. 

272 14 111. 

ThcBallance of my former Ac- 1 
count was y 

.^.329 14 Hi. 

[In this Time the Number of the Charity 
•^^holars was generally 23.] 

What Tuition was charged before Mr. Lef- 
/^'s generous Intentions were known,has fincc 
been taken off the Account. 


[5 3 

Donations received bctwecnNov. 27th, 1762 
and Nov.zy, iy6'^, are as follow : Sterling. 

£. s. d. 

From t!>e Honorable General Aflembly of the Pro 7 z 

^mztoK^LizMaJfachufetts-Bay, 75I. 12s. L. M. is 5 ^^ ° 

From the Honorable General Aflembly of thcProvince 7 
ofA'(?tw//fl»7/>/^/><?,5o! 3 

From the Hon. London CommlfEoners ini?o/?o«,iol. 7 
Lawful Money, is - - - - 5 

From Mr. John Smith, Merchant, in Bqflen, 20 00 

From Mr. IVill'tam Dickfon of Edinburgh, - -500 
From a Lady, in England, unknown, lol. Sterling^ 

with additional Advantage, mentioned in my for- >- 14 00 
racr Narrative ----- . 3 

Private Donatioas in my Journey to Portfmouih, y 

(the moft of which were of the Congregation un- > 44 10 6 
dcr the Rev. Mr. Parfons in Ne-wbury) 59i.7s.4d. J 

Private Donations from feveral Quarters - - 25 12 3 
Intercft of SubfcriptioQS - - lol. 19s. 84- is 8 49^ 

j^. 232 16 6i 

To which add, 

il. 13s. 4d. lawful Money ioxlfaiah Uncaus'% S\i'^- 
^on from September 26th, to Novemb. 26, 1762, 
not reckoned. in former Account, is - 
An Error in former Account . . - 

Advance on 79 1. 10. Sterling, fuppofc 81. per Cent, 7 > 

not reckoned io former Account 

Ballance referred to Account io the next Page - - 79 63 

/■ 329 M"t 

Received alfo a valuable Collcdlon of Books from an Honorable 
Society in London, for promoting religious Knowledge among 
the Poor. 


[ 6 ] 

£, J. d. 
The Ballance of my Account 1 

with the School, Nov. 27th, 1> 79 <^ 3 
1763, agreeable to the fore- | 
going - - - J 

Difburfements for the School' 
from November 27th, 1763, 
to November 2'yi\\^iy6/\. (in- 
cluding Expences of fitting 
out David Foujler to accom- 
pany Mr. Occorn in his Mif- 
iion ; alfo the fitting out 
andfuppIyLngofJc/^^/^^W- 1*291 14 4; 
ley to accompany Mr. Kirt- 
' land into the Indian Country, 
and tarry through the Win- 
ter at Onohokwage ; alfo part 
of Mr. Kirtland\ College Ex- 
pences ^ = - J 

(In this Time the Number of Charity Scho- 
lars was generally 23,) 




( 7 ) 

Donations received between November 27tb, 
1763, and November 27th, 1764, are as fol« 
low. Sterling. 

From the Honorable General AfTerably of the Pro- ^ " 
viocc of xht Majfachufetts-Bay, io8l. — law- 
ful Money. - - - is 

From the Honorable London Comroil&OBers in 7 
Bojion, 20 1 — lawful Money - - is 5 ' 

From the Prefby tcrian Congregation in Newj Tori, 7 . 
a ColIeftioB of 120 1. ISlenu-Tork Currency - is 3 ' 

From one of the Friends who chufes to be name- 
lefs, 100 Dollars . . . 

Ytom'Dt. Redman of Philadelphia, 34 Dollars 580 

From unknown Perfons ia Neivbury, 34I. i6s. 7 -/j ^ -t 
lod. L. M. - - - is ^ 26 2 7t 

Private Donations, &c. from fcveral Quarters - 35 3 6| 

Intered of Subfcriptions, 7]. 83. 5^ L. M. is - 511 4 

TV luhieh add, 

"What I have received for Tuition more than what \ - 1 o' 

I have paid to SchoolroaAers - - 3 * 

Ballaoce referred to Accouet in the next Page • no 14 oi 

22 10 o 

. 371 o 7i 

Benefadlions for Mr. Kirtland^ through my 
Hands, are included in the above private Do- 
nations. But of that which was given im- 
mediately to him, in his Journey to Bojion, 
previous to his MifTion, no Account is made. 

Received alfo in June 1764, a neat Pair of 
Globes, and a valuable Colledion of Books, 
from the Rev. Dr. Andrew Gifford of London, 
And, at the fame Time, a valuable Coiledion 
of Books from the Rev. John Erjkine and Mr. 
William Dickin/on^ of Edinburgh, and an hono- 
rable Society in Edinburgh for promoting rcli- 
ligious Knowledge among the Poor, 


( S ] 


.. £. s. d. 

The Ballancc of the foregoing Account, Novemb. ? ^ 

27th, 1764, - - - ^ 110 14 1 

Difburfetncnts for theSchool from Nov. 27, 1764, 

KQJM^y 27. 1 76 5, including Cloathisg bought for f j_ 

the MifGonaries a 
to their being fent 
[la this Time the Number of Charity Scholars was 26] 

364 19 o\ 

March i2tk, 1765, the Board of Correfpondents met to exa- 
mine Mr. Titus Stnith and Mr. Thsophilus Chamberlain, of their 
Qualifications for Miffionarics ; and approved tiicm. And a!fo 
examined and approved David Fonuler, a Montauk Indian, and 
Jofeph Woolley and Hezekiah Calvin, Delaiuares, for Schoolma- 
ftcrs among the Indians. They alfo examined Jacob Fcnvler, a 
fda-ntauk, Mo/is, Johannei , Abraham Primus, Abraham Secun- 
dtts, and Peter, Moha'wks ; and approved them as well accom- 
pliflied for Schoolmaflcrs, excepting their Want of Age ; and 
therefore appointed them to fcrve in the Capacity of Ufhers, un- 
der the Direftion and Condu(5l of the Miffionarics. 

The MifEonaries were ordained /4pril 24th — at which Time 
we -had not one Penny in Stock to fupport the great Charge of ex- 
ecuting the Plan we had lain, as may appear by the Account con- 
neded herewith : nor any where to look or depend for the fame, 
but upon him who difpofes the Hearts of Men as he pleafes, to 
accomplifh his own Deiigns. The Miffionarics and Schoolraafters 
were cioathed, and lurnifhed with four Horfes, Furniture, &c. 
&c. &c. with all convenient Speed ; and had no Occafion to wait 
one Day to be fumiflied with a prefcnt Supply of Money for the 
Support of their fevcra! Millions ; and all fat out, viz. David 
Fo'wler on the 29:h of April — Meffieurs Smith and Chamberlain 
on the 19th of June—znA, on the 25ih of the fame, the Reft of 
the SchoolmiHers fo!lov/ed them (excepting Jacob Fonuler who 
was detained with a View, if God thould open a Door for it, to 
gccompaoy an Eoglifh Youth to a yet more remote Tribe, to learn 
their Language, and fit for a Miffion among them) and carried 
with them fome prefent Supply for Mr. Kirtland. 

This Board of Correfpondents in the Colony of Co««(?(?/<:«/, 
commiffiooed for Indian Affairs by the honorable Society in ScU- 
land iot propagating Chriftian Knowledge, was formed July 4th, 


[ 9 ] 

Donations received between iVo-y. 27th, 1764, 
and May 27th, 1765, are as follow : 

^<^ ^ f From the Honorable General Affembly") 
T3 ^ 1^ of the Province of the j'lf«^c/$«yi'///-> 27 O o 
'^ ^ "^ i?<y, 36I — lawful Money, - - is J 


%l .is a 

From the Honorable London Commi&o 

nets in Bo/i»n, ibi— L, M. 
Public Collcftion at Concord, 81. 14 is 


10 o 


S 'So 

■^ -5 « ^ Public Collc<5tion at Nenuhury, 23I. los. 




gd. L M - - IS 

Public and private Collcdions at PortJ- 7 
mouth, 36I. 2s. 3d. - - is 3 

Sundry Articles of Cloathing. &c. from"] 
fundry charitably difpofed Perfons in | 
Nevjbury, amounting to 41I. os. 2\, \ 
L M. of which no Charge has been | 
made to the School - - J 

17 13 o 


From McfHcurs Jonathan Williams and Samuel") 
Aufiin, of Bojion ' - - 5 

From Mr. William Dickfon, of Edinburgh - 20 

YxomlAt. Walter Sect, oi Edinburgh, a Legacy of 5 
From Benjamin Pemberton, Efq; of Jioxbury - I© 
From the Hon- Robert Hooper, Ef<i; of Marblehead 9 
Private Donations from feveral Quarters - - 6 
lotered of Subfcriptions 3I. 19s. lawful Money, is 2 

To which add. 

9 3 9 





Several Articles of the Goods received from Nenu- ") 

bury, which were not needed for the School, > 4 9 3| 
I have difpofed of - - - 3 

153 5 io| 
Ballance referred to Account in the nest Page - 211 13 2 


[ 1° ] 


May 27th, 1765. Then due to mc from the School 7 
agreeable to the foregoing Account - 3 

Difburfctnents for the School from May 27th to"] 
Septernber gd, 1765, including the fitting out I 
of the Miffionaries and Schoolmafters with Mo- j 
ncy, Fiorfes, Saddles, &c. and paying Part of J> 254 7 9^ 
Mr. Chambsrlains Debts at College, and Mo- 
ney for the Relief of Mr. Occom, and to fupport 
his fliort Millian to the Six Nations this Summer. 

466 o ll\ 

Septsmher ^^, 1765. Ballance due at this Time ^ 

from me to the School, Errors and Oraiflions> 30 12 9 
excepted - - - J 

£.496 12 iii 

And as thcfe Accounts may likely go where Gentlemen will 
likely be in no Capacity to judge of the Rcafonablenefs of the 
Charges I have made therein, I thought it might therefore be 
fajisfdftory to have them examined, and the R.eafo«ablenefs of 
them certifisd by Gentlemen of mod public and eftablilhed Cha- 
raftcrs among us ; and accordingly have fubmitted them to three 
of the Honorab'e His M-tjeliy s Council in this Vicinity for that 
Parpofe ; whofe Certificate is as follows : 

•' Connecticut Lebanon, 6th September^ 1765. 

** 'T^HESE certify, that on the Defire of the Revercad Mr. 

*• X Eteazar Wheelock, Paftor of the Second Church of 

*' Christ in Lebanon, we the Subfcribers examined his Accompts 

*' relative to the Gharity-School for Indians, 6cc. under his Care 

*' and Diredion, from the 27th of A'auifw^^r, 1762, to the gi 

*' Day of this Inftant, Septernber ; and are of Opinion, that the 

** Charges made therein for Board, Tuition, Cloathing, and 

*' other Neccil'irics, arc juft and reafooable, and could not have 

** been obtained at a lower Price in this Place, during faid Time, 

" Jonathan Trumbull, ^ 

•* Hezekiah Huntington, > JJpJiants.^* 

*• Eliphalet Dter. j 




7 lo 


u- I 



I .. .- 
; at? 
is 3 















[ II ] 

Donations received between May 27th and Se/it. 3d, 176J, are 
as follow : Sterling. 

^ from Jo/)nPiilips,E{q; ofExefer looDoWiTS 22 10 o 
From Lidy Pepperrell o( Kittffry 20 Dolhrs 4 10 o 
From a Lady in £K^/tf«//, unknown - - 100 o o 
FTamMr.Samus/Savage,MtTcbint,iQLonden20 p o 
From the Hon. London Commiffioners in 7 
Boflm, loi L. M is - - - 5 
From thcHon. General AfTembly of thePro- 7 
vinczoi Maffachufetts-Bay, 72I.L. 3 

p Public and private Colledions at 7 

^ Salem, 36I. is 6d. L.M is 3 

Public ColledioBS at 2 Societies 7 

\n Ipjhuich, 16I. lis. 8J. is 3 

Public Colleflion at Roiuley, i^I. is 

Public and private Colledions 

J Ne-whury, 80!. 5s. 2 

Public and private Colie<5lions at 7 
P orif mouth, 43I. los, - is 3 
Public Colleflion at Tork, 9I. 2s. 4d. is 6 
Public Colledlion at 3'/rfl/^^OT,7l. lO. is 5 
Public Col leftion at £'xi?/er, 22I. is 16 
(_ PrivatcDonationsfromvarious quarters 16 

^ { , 597 2 oi 

from feveral Gentlemen in Philadelphia, 18I. js 
Philadelphia Currency, - - is 

From the reformed Protcftant Dutch Church 
I^env-Tork, a Collcdion of 881. 6s. 6s. Nenx} 
2or^Currency,received7K«i?i 8th, being the 
before thcMiffionaries fat out on their Journey 1 

Received of theTreafqrer of the Colony o^Connec- 
4icut, forae of the Coileftions made in a few So- 
cieties, purfuant to a Brief granted by the Hon. 
General Aflembly of faid Colony in Favour of 
thisSchool, before the late unhappy Rugtpre with |> 25 7 lo] 
the Indiana, gave fuch a Turn to the Minds of 
People, that it was thought prudent to fufpend 
any further Collections 'til a more favourable 
Opportunity (hould appear, when it is hoped 
fomething generous will be done, 33l.i7S.i:^ is. 

Private Donations - - • 2 16 6|- 

Intereft of Subfcriptions, 3I 6s. L. M. - - 2 9_ 6 
To nvkich add, "^S'^S 7^ 

Several Articles of the Goods received from Ne''jj-'\ 

bury, together with feveral Articles of Goods f „ r. 

jbought at Bojiorj, which were not neesled for f 4 * 

the School, and I have dlfpofed of - - J_ _ 

£. 496 12 n| 

h in"^ 

Vemj- / 
:Day • 

10 19 o 

49 13 

[ 12 ] 

About ;^.26. — lawful Money of the Dona- 
tions meniioned in the foregoing Account, 
has not yet come into my Hands, though it 
be well fecured ; which, with what has 
been taken up upon my Credit, and not bro't 
into the foregoingAccount, bec^ufe the Sums 
cannot yet be precifely known, being at a 
great Diftance, do more than equal the Bai- 
hince mentioned in Page lo, as due from me 
to the School : fo that there is at prefent no- 
thing in Stock, more than the (mail Supply for 
k few Months which the Miflionaries have 
"wich them, to fupport all theExpence of three 
Miriionaries, one Interpreter, and eight School- 
Mafters, in the Wildernefs,at the Diftance of 
three, four, and five hundred Miles from 
hence ; befides what muft be done for the 
Alliftance of Mr. Occum, who has a Wife and 
7 Children. 

The Miflionaries and School-Mafters being 
authorized by the Board of Correfpondents, 
fat out as before-mentioned ; Mr. Smith for 
Onohokwage, agreeable to theDefire of the In- 
dians there, which they fent in Writing to this 
Board March J2th, by good Teter (other- 
wile called Givedelhes ^gwirondongwas) their 
MefTenger. This Place is on Sufquehanna-Ri- 
njer, where feveral Miflionaries have hereto- 
fore been ; and efpecially the Rev. Mr. Haw- 
ley, who laboured among them for feveral 
Years, with good Evidences of the faving Ef- 
fects of his Labours, in feveral Inftances. — • 


[ 13 ] 

To this Party the Rev. Mr. Forbes and Mr. 
Rice were fent by the Honorable correfpon- 
ding Scotch Commiffioners in Bojlon, and ga- 
thered a Church confiding of 12 or 14 Mem- 
bers in 1762. But the laftSpring the Famine 
prevailed in that Place before Mr. Smith could 
get there, fo that the Indians were obliged to 
remove and difperfe, in order to get a living, 
'til their Corn fhould be fit to eat. And ac- 
cordingly, Mr. Smithy with Mr. Gunn his In- 
terpreter, went to the largeft Party of them, 
who were for the prefent fet down by the 
Lake Uifage^ at the Head of Sufquehanna-Ri- 
"oer 'j where he put Mofet^ one of the afore- 
mentioned Mohawk Boys, into a fmall School, 
inftead of Jofeph Woolley who was appointed 
School-mailer to that Tribe, but was then fick 
at Cherry-Valley. The Account of this School 
I give in the Words of Mr.i5'w////s Letter, da- 
ted at faidLake, Auguft 3d 1765.- " I am 

" every Day diverted and pleafed with a View 
" of Mofes and his School ; as I can fit in 
" my Study, and fee him and all his Scholars 
" at any Time, the School-Houfe being no- 
" thing but an open Barrack. And I am 
" much pleafed to fee 8, 10, or 12, and fome- 
" times more Scholars fitting round their Bark 
*' Table, fome Reading, fome Writing, * and 
" others a Studying ; and all engaged, to ap- 
.*' pearance, with as much Serioufnefs and At- 

" tention 

* We have found it ufcfu! to put thsm to Wrklag as foon as 
ilicy can fpcll. 

( H ) 

*• tention as you will fee in almofl any wor- 
** fhipping AfTembly : and Mc/i-j at theHcad 
" of them with theGra vity of a Divine of Fif- 
" ty or Threcfcore. How agreeable fuch a 
" Sight would be to you, is not hard toguefsl 
*' I expc6l this School will be much larger 
" when it comes to Onohokwage, as there are 
*' but a few here, and many of thofe that are, 
*• upon the Account of the prefent Scarcity, 
'' are obliged to employ their Children. The 
" School at Onohokwdge will doubtlefs be large 
" enough for Jofeph and Mofes both." — 

Jofeph //-oo/Zf;; lived with this Party of In- 
dians at Onohokwage lafl: Winter, in order to 
te rh their Children, and learn their Lan- 
2 : -ge. But there were not many of them in- 
c;:ied to fend their Children to learn Englifii. 
O'le Chief Sachem faid, they might learu 
c nough in Indian ; which Notion, I fuppofe, 
he and that Party imbibed from fome white 
People who had been there. But after Teters 
return to them from hence in the Spring, they 
feemed unanimoully inclined to have an Eng- 
li(h School fet up ; and are much engaged to 
introduce Agriculture among them, and have 
lately petitioned carneftly to be aflifted there- 
in by the EngUf}), and defire to have Mills 
built, and a Blackfmith fettled' with them, and 
fo many of the Englijh to fettle among them, 
as fhall be neceifarv to inftrucl them in thefe 
AiTairs. They promife they will obferve and 
obey to their iitmofl:, all the Advice and In- 

ftrudlion fcnt them b}^ Teter jafl: Spring. 


( '5 ) 

They have promifed to build a Houfe for Jo- 
feph Woolley^ and help him fence fome Lands 
for Tillage, and for keeping Cows, Sec. and 
to do all on their Part, and within their Power, 
to enable him to govern and teach their Chil- 
dren. And I hope foon to hear, that he and 
Mofes are fettled in a large School at thatPlace. 
This is a ^'emarkable Alteration in their Dif- 
pofition. The like alfo, David Fowler informs 
me, appears in the Indians at Oneida, about 
a hundred Miles dillant from thence. 

Mr. Chainberlain, after he had fettled feveral 
IndianBoys in Schools in feveral IndianTowns 
in the Mohazuk Country ; y\z. Hezekiah Calvin 
in a School of 24 Scholars, Abraham Trimus 
in one of 1 6, and Abraham Secundus in one of 
1 1 ; was about to go with the Oneidaes, on 
their return to their Country, which they alfo 
had been obliged to leave, on account of the 
Famine there. At that Place he purpofed to 
fpend the mod of his Time this Year ; and 
vakcs Johannes with him for his Interpreter,who 
has hitherto ferved him in thatCapacity ; and at 
proper Seafons to vifit the Schools which he 
has ereded. 

David Fowler met with a kind Reception 
among the Indians at Oneida ; and fet up a 
- School among them in May, eonfifting of 26 
Scholars, and continued in it fome Weeks. 
He alfo taught a finging School, in which the 
Indians made great Proficiency, and had lear- 
jied well to carry three Parts to feveral Tunes, 


( i6 ) 

They promrfed to build him a Houfe, and be- 
gan to prepare Materials, ( i.e. HemlockBark ) 
to build it. They alio promifed him a free 
Ufe and Improvement of their Lands, and to 
aflift him in clearing and fencing them ; and 
were many ways exerting themfelves to fet 
up Hufbandry, and defired him to inftru^l 
them therein. But by reafon of the Famine 
which prevailed among them, they were o- 
b'liged to remove with theirChildren 'til their 
Corn fhould be fit to eat ; and defired David 
to come down to New-England^ and procure 
a Carpenter, who might be able to build them 
Houfes, make Ploughs, Carriages, &c. for 
them ; and defired he would return to them 
when they fhould be able to fubfift in their 
Country j which he has alfo done. They 
alfo promifed to fend theirChildren to School, 
and fuitably encourage him in governing 
them, &c. He yet finds difficulty in commu- 
nicating to them the Things of Religion, not 
being fufficiently Mafter of their Language, 
and having no fkilful Interpreter with him. 
But he hopes this will be foon remedied by his 
becoming compleat Mafter of their Tongue. 

Mr. Kirtland, who went among that favage 
and brutifh Tribe, the Senccas^ laft Fall, foon 
after thePeace was fettled with them, to learn 
their Language, and fit himfclf, and prepare 
the Way for a Miffion among them, was o- 
bliged, on account of the Famine which pre- 

( '7 ) 

Tailed in that Country, to come to Mohazuk- 
River, two Hundred Miles, lad June, for Sup^ 
plies; and brought with him 13 Senecahuys, 
to allift him in carrying his Provifions to that 
Country. Soon after they came down, 12 of 
the Boys were taken fick with a Dyfentery, 
and four of them died. The reft recovered, 
and are returned with Mr. Kirtland. 

Mr. Kirtland has furprifingly infinuated 
himfelf into their AfTcdion and Efteem. Their 
Jealoufics of him, which at firft were very 
Itrong, are now removed. They are fond of 
his continuing with them ; and he hoped, foon 
on his return to them, to be able to fet up a 
large School among them. And as foon as 
he is become fufficicntly Mafter of their Lan- 
guage, they expert to hear great Things from 
him. And if God fhall ^mercifully preferve 
this Youth to accomplifh the Plan laid for 
him, on which there has evidently been the 
Smiles of Heaven hitherto, it will perhaps be 
efteemed, when it fhall be fully known in all 
the Circtsmftances of it, to have been as ex- 
traordinary an Undertaking of this kind, as 
has ever been in this Land. 

His Excellency Sir William Johnson, 
(whofe Underftandingand Influence in Indian 
Affairs, is, I fuppofc, greater than any other 
Man's, and for whofe indefatigable and fuc- 
cefsful Labours to fettle and fecure a Peace 
with the feveral Tribes who have lately been 
at War with us, our Land and Nation are, 
C I vinder 

( i8 ) 

under. God, chiefly indebted ) has not been 
wanting in his Care and Endeavors for Mr, 
Kirt/and's Safety and Ufefuh:iefs among theni. 
But thefe Affairs are many of them yet fo 
new, and my Diftance from the MifTionaries fo 
great, and no Polf to keep up a Correfpon- 
dence with them, that my Accounts at pre- 
fent muft needs be very imperfect : Nor am I 
yet able any further to afcertain the Number 
of Indian Children now at the feveral Schools 
in the Wildernefs. However, ail Accounts I 
have yet received, agree, that there is an un- 
•ufnal Dcfire of Knowledge among thofe who 
have got a littleUnderftanding of Chriftianity ; 
^nd a great Willingnefs, and, in many In- 
flances, a Defire to have theirChildren taught. 
—Their Jealoufies of the Englidi, feem more 
than ever to be removed.- — • Miffionaries and 
School-maliers are received and treated with 
more Refpe6t and Kindnefs than ufual.- — And 
among fome Parties, fuch a Defire and En- 
gagednefs to introduce Agriculture, and de- 
pend upon that, inftead of rambling and 
hunting, for a Living, as has never been be- 
fore known : and a Motive hereto with many 
of them feems to be, that they and their Chil- 
dren may be in a better Capacity to receive 
Inftrudfion, than is poflible while they are on 
their fifhing and hunting Marches hundreds 
of Miles toi^ether. 

And by the Way I would obferve, that if 
only here and there a Tribe were civilized, 


.[ 19 ] 

chriftianized, and Hultandry introduced a- 
mong them, what agreeable Places of Retreat 
niight thefe be for our Miflionaries ! And 
what a Saving of the great Expence for their 
Support, which cannot be avoided, fo long 
as their Provifions are to be tranfported fuch 
a great Diflance ! Befides the many ufeful In- 
telligences they will have from a 'Trifcilla and 
yiquila there, and many comforting and ani- 
mating Confiderations fuggefted to encourage 
and ftrengthen them in the Work of theLord ! 
And I would humbly propofe to Confiderati- 
on, whether the Advantages we may expert 
hercb)?-, will not be worth all the Coil and 
Pains that will be ncccHary to aflKl the poor 
Creatures to fet up Hufbandry, and give tliem 
all neceflary InftrucHon in the Piaiiice of it ; 
I conceive the necelTary Expence for this 
will not be vaflly great. And when it is once 
introduced into a few Places, they will foon 
be able to affill their Brethren, and fo carry 
the Pradice IHll further into other Tribes. I 
doubt not, the Thoughts of Gentlemen of 
Penetration, will at once fuggeft many and 
very great Advantages that may accrue to the 
general Dclign hereby. 

And as DivineProvidence has always from 
the fu-ll prevented me Vv'ith feafonablcSupplies, 
before tlie Cafe came to extremity, or to be 
at all diftreiling, however threatning the Ap- 
pearances have often been ; fo I would hope 
in the fame Fountaih of Goodnefs to fupply 

C 2 thei^ 

[ 20 J 

thcfe growing Neceflities. And this I think 
-we may do with the more Confidence, as we 
have endeavoured to go no falter in the Af- 
fair, than toobferve the Openings,and follow 
the plained Didfates of Providence in every 
Step that has been taken. And hitherto fcarce 
a Step has been taken, but God has evidently 
made it to profper. If thcCaufe beGod's, and 
the Courfe we Iteer right, it is fafe enough. 

But I would humbly propofe to Confidera- 
tion, whether as fwjft a Progrefs of this Work 
as may be, is not likely to be attended with 
greater Succefs proportionable to theExpence, 
than a more leifurely Procedure ? Which will 
not have that Tendency to awaken their At- 
tention, convince their Confciences, and pro- 
voke them to Emulation ; and which w^ill 
give the Adverfaries to it much more Oppor- 
tunity to embarrafs the Way. 

It feems to me, that the peculiar Circum- 
fiance of the Newnefsof the Thing, and Rc- 
folution of God's People to accomplifh it, and 
to do it by fuch Means and Endeavours, as 
mud: necelTarily appear great and lirange to 
,the Savages, is, in itfelf, likely to have great 
Force and Influence to make them hear atten- 
tively, and confider clofely, the Nature, Im- 
portance, and Evidence of the Things fpoken 
to them ; and to convince them efTcclually of 
the Sincerity of our Intentions towards them, 
while they fee our Pracflice to be fo agreeable 
Jo the vafl Importance of thcErrand on which 


( 21 ) 

we come to them. And while our Endea- 
vours arc ufed, as they now are, io much by 
their own Sons, we have a great additional 
Advantage to avoid the mifchievoiis EfTe^ls 
of thofe Jealoufies and Sufpicions which they 
have fo long entertained, that, notwithftand- 
ing all our Pretentions, there is a fecret Plot 
laid to get away their Lands, and make a Prey 
of them. 

The Number of Charity-Scholars now be- 
longing to this School, is eighteen ; befides 
the five Mohawk Boys before-mentioned, as 
employed in the Indian Country, who are 
expected to return to the School next Winter. 
Eleven of thefe are Males, [ 5 Englifh and 6 
Indians] and feven Indian Females. Two of 
thefe Englifh and two Indian Boys, are de- 
Ijgned to be coupled, an Englifh and an In- 
dian, and to be fent into fomc remote Tribes 
next Spring, if Providence fhall favour it, to 
learn their Languages, and prepare for a Mif- 
fion among them. 

I am daily expecting two more Delaware 
Boys, and one from Narraganfet ; and before 
Winter, if they may be wellchofen, a Num- 
ber from the Six Natlofis, among which is the 
Grandfon to the Onondaga Sachem. And I 
have thePleafure of thinking, that theBoys I 
have, are in general, very promifing. 

It was generally thought, before I had a- 
ny Boys from the Mo/; ju'^ Country, that nci- 
dier the Parents could be perfuaded to fend, 

' , nor 

[ 22 ] 

HOY their Children to come to School, at fuch 
a great Diilance. And the iirft three who 
came, appeared to come with great Caution 
and Fear — brought each of them an Horfe 
with them, prepared to return in hafte, if 
there fhould be occalion. But fo great is the 
Alteration in this Refpe^l, that the Difficulty 
now is not in procuring what Number I pleafe; 
but in obtaining fuch as are promifing, and 
fuch as are, on account of their Families, of 
greateft Importance to their Tribes. 

I would take thisOpportunity to renew my 
Thanks to the kind Benefaclors of this School, 
for thofe generous Benefactions, by which it 
has, through the Divine Bleiling, continued 
to this Time. And defire the Continuance of 
their fervent Supplications at the Throne of 
Divine Grace, for all that Light, Diredion, 
and AfTiftance, which (hall be ncceiHiry, fyr 
all thofe who are any way aclively concerned 
in promoting the important Defign ; and for 
that Ble/Tmg of God upon all Endeavours, 
without which the beil Plans, and mofl vigo- 
rous Rfforts to put them in Execution, will 
be; to no Purpofc. And I pcrfwade rayfelf, 
that the growing Pro fpccls of Succefs, will be 
a further and very flroiig Inducement to that 
Liberality, which will bear Proportion to the 
great Expences neceflary therein. And efpe- 
-cially if it be confidered, that thefe young 
.Gentlemen who are employed in this Bufinefs, 


[ =3 ] 

and are expofed to all theHardfhips and Dan- 
gers of the Wildernefs, without any comfort- 
able Habitation, or any Accommodations to 
indulo-e the Pleafures of the natural or focial 
Life, have entered upon this Service, not 
through any NecefTity, or want of any lucra- 
tive and honorable Pods they might defire a- 
mong their Brethren ; but only to ferve the 
great Defigns of advancing the Kingdom of 
the Redeemer, and the Salvation of the Souls 
of Men. And they afk. for, and defire no o- 
ther Reward for all their Service, but to be 
fupported while they are employed in it. 
And I am perfwaded,that the Accounts them- 
felves of their Expences, when Time (hall 
give an Opportunity to fet them in a true 
Light, will be fufficieiit Evidence of their 
Prudence and Frugality. 

F I N I S. 

I 25 ] 

The Continuation of Mr, Wheelock'j Narrativg he- 
ing printed off before a Receipt of the following by 
ibe Printers^ they are neceffarily obliged to fubjoin it 

An appendix. 

Lebanon, 0£f. ii. 1765. 
The Reverend Mr. Chamberlain returned from his 
Miflion among the Six Nations, laft Friday, (accompa- 
ricd by two Oneyada Boys, for this School) to procure 
another Mifllonary for one of the Places where he has 
been preaching among the Mohawks and Oneyadas ; 
and to get Recruits and Supplies ot Neceflaries for che 
"Winter, for himfelf and the Schoolmafters, who defign 
to winter with the Indians. 

He informs me, that the Indian Schoolmafters have> 
in general, condu<fted very well : are received chear- 
fullv, and treated kindly ; and that there are now in 
their fcveral Schools, 127 Children -, and that he had 
provided another School of upwards of 20 Children 
more, for Peter •, but he was taken fick, and could 
jior enter into it — which is ready for him, or another, 
next Spring. 

Mr. Chamberlain allc) informs me, that he has lately 
made a Tour amcyng the Onondagas (accompanied with 
Delegates from the Mohawks and Oneyadas) and prea- 
ched tu them, where never any MifTionary had been be- 
fore. That the Reprefentative of that whole Tribe^, 
told him, after a Confultation of two Days among 
themfclves, that they were all agreed to receive Chrif- 
tianity, and would have him be eafy in his Mind, and 
know, that from that Day they Ihould be glad to be 
inftruded j and defired him to tarry and preach to 
them. And when he left them he told them he would 
do his Endeavour thii a Miiiiftcr Ihouid be feni t^ 
thtm next Sprirjg, 

Deacidified using the Bookkeeper process. 
Neutralizing agent; Magnesium Oxide 
Treatment Date: Jan. 2003 



1 1 1 Thomson Park Drive 
Cranberry Township, PA 16066